PC test – Also known as Post Cibum (PC) or Postprandial (PP), this test measures your blood glucose levels exactly two hours after eating a meal. Your healthcare professional may also order a fasting blood glucose test along with this test. If you are asked to fast, avoid eating for a minimum of 8 hours, drinking juice, coffee or tea, smoking, chewing gum, or exercise.
Type 2 Diabetes Management after diagnosis
The Hello Health Group conducted a survey that can further our understanding of the general practices and perceptions of people living with type 2 diabetes in Southeast Asia^.
The Hello Health Group conducted a survey that can further our understanding of the feelings and concerns people in Southeast Asia had around managing Type 2 diabetes.
Although nearly three quarters of the Indian respondents recognised the importance of different areas of self-management, 38% felt that they did not have adequate information on dietary approaches to diabetes management and just 33% felt optimistic about adhering to an appropriate diabetes diet regime^.
A diagnosis of type 2 diabetes can be hard to deal with and an information gap can make it even more challenging. So, here are some diet and lifestyle recommendations that you can adopt to help you feel more in control.
Smart food choices
The defining feature of any diet to manage diabetes is the focus on ‘whole’ or unprocessed foods including fresh fruits and veggies, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and lean meats. At the same time intake of heavily or ultra-processed foods must be severely restricted or eliminated as they tend to contain many added ingredients, such as sugar, trans fat, artificial colours or preservatives.
You should also keep in mind that not all carbs are bad. Foods that contain complex carbs or slow digesting carbs (ie. whole grains, barley, brown rice), healthy fats, proteins, fibre, vitamins, and minerals, are essential elements in any balanced diet. A balanced diet can provide you with the required amounts of necessary vitamins and minerals. While supplements can be used to compensate for any dietary deficiency that may occur due to different reasons.
It would also be a good idea for you to consult your healthcare professional for guidance on a personalised meal plan that focuses on low glycaemic foods (read more about this in our article here) as this can help to stabilise blood sugar levels and avoid spikes.
Of course, when it comes to managing diabetes effectively, dietary changes extend beyond food choices. You should also adopt healthy eating habits, such as controlling portion size and eating at fixed and regular intervals to keep blood sugar levels stable and prevent sudden spikes.
Diabetes control does not require any specific exercise as any form of physical activity that raises your heart rate and breathing rate strengthens the cardiovascular system, which includes your heart and lungs. This is why cardio or aerobic exercises such as walking, swimming, or cycling are so effective at improving and maintaining blood glucose control. As far as possible, try to dedicate at least 30 minutes of your time to such activities, 3 days a week3. In addition to cardio, weight or strength training exercises and yoga can help build strength and balance, which improves your overall fitness levels and also aids weight loss.
Yoga is widely accepted as both a form of physical exercise and a stress reduction technique that can help to lower levels of cortisol (the main hormone associated with stress and anxiety). As levels of cortisol drop, feelings of stress in the body are also reduced4.
For many patients, diet and exercise alone may not suffice for the management of blood sugar levels. In such cases, your healthcare professional may prescribe diabetes medications. If you can’t maintain your target blood sugar level with diet and exercise, your healthcare professional may prescribe diabetes medications. Medication needs can change over time as nowadays medications are quite advanced with different types of medications.