5. There is a difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus
Diabetes mellitus is an umbrella term for various types of medical conditions. It includes type 1, type 2, gestational, latent autoimmune diabetes of adulthood (LADA), and variations like maturity-onset diabetes in the young (MODY). All of these variations cause the body to control and regulate blood glucose levels.
On the other hand, diabetes insipidus, also called water diabetes, happens due to a kidney disorder. Here, the kidneys are unable to concentrate urine in sufficient quantities. This causes a deficiency in the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which in turn, leads to this type of diabetes. This interesting fact about diabetes is not known to all.
6. Certain factors cause a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes (important diabetes fact)
The concerning risk factors are:
- Being overweight
- Genetic or family history of the disease
- Of the age 45 years and above
- Physically inactive for more than 3 days a week
- Women who have had gestational diabetes
- Women who had given birth to a baby of more than 9 pounds
7. It can cause kidney failure
Another research points out that it is the leading cause of kidney failures with 44% of new cases in 2005.
8. It raises the risk of gingivitis
Diabetics are more susceptible to gingivitis that might cause a loss of teeth and bone. Diabetes increases the chances of gingivitis getting aggravated.
9. It has increased the risk of serious health conditions of the eyesight
Another interesting fact about diabetes is that it has led to a growing rate of cataracts and a minimum 5% of incidents of blindness. Isn’t this one of the most unique diabetes facts so far?
10. It exposes people to a higher risk of pneumonia
Diabetics face a raised risk of advanced pneumonia and flu and will need hospitalisation six times more than people who are not diabetics. As per the Centers for Disease Control, flu and pneumonia causes the death of about 10,000 to 30,000 diabetics.
11. Increases the risk of amputations
High blood sugar levels have caused more than 1 million amputations every year.