The uric acid test is also known as serum urate test or as a uric acid level. The test helps to determine the amount of uric acid present in the blood. In simple terms, when you consume food your body absorbs proteins and vitamins while flushing out waste products called uric acid. Your body releases uric acid in the form of urine and poop. In some cases, your body does not flush out enough uric acid or your body produces excess uric acid. Too much uric acid in your body can cause a disorder called hyperuricemia. While lack of uric acid in your blood can cause kidney or liver diseases. The primary aim of undergoing the test is to diagnose kidney stones or gout. Gout is a form of arthritis wherein the crystals present in the uric acid accumulate in your joints. This can cause severe pain and swelling.
Kidney stones are a formation of small stones in your kidneys because of excess uric acid in your blood. If you have kidney stones, you may experience blood in the urine, pain the lower back, diarrhoea, etc.
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The uric acid test helps to check if your body is producing as well as flushing out enough uric acid. Your doctor may prescribe you to undergo a serum uric acid test to diagnose kidney disorder and gout, monitor the functioning of kidneys after an accident, and diagnose kidney stones.
If you are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation, you will need to take the test to monitor the levels of uric acid in your blood. Other reasons your doctor may ask you to take the test are if:
To diagnose kidney disease, as an alternate to uric acid test you may be asked to do a urine test.
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Blood uric acid levels are measured in milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL). The normal levels of uric acid levels may vary depending on the gender, lab, doctor, and city. However, in most places, uric acid levels under 6.8 mg/dL are said to be normal.
High levels of uric acid in the blood is an indication that you are having kidney diseases or your kidneys are unable to flush out enough uric acid from the body. Those undergoing chemotherapy may usually have high levels of uric acid in the blood.
You may have the following health condition if your result indicates high levels of uric acid levels:
If you have high levels of uric acid in your blood, your doctor may ask you to take a few more tests to diagnose if you have any other medical conditions. Tests include complete blood count (CBC), renal ultrasound, X-rays of joints, or complete metabolic panel.
You must note that not every time having high uric acid levels indicate gout or kidney diseases. While there are also chances of the result indicating the normal range and you still developing kidney disease or gout.
Low levels of uric acid in the blood is an indication that you are consuming food that has purines in less amount, or you have Wilson’s disease or Fanconi syndrome.
After diagnosing your health condition based on the results, your doctor may suggest if you need to undergo any treatments and take medications. Your doctor may also provide you with a list of foods to eat and avoid.
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If you are undergoing treatment for kidney disease or gout, you will be asked to repeat the test to check the effectiveness of the treatment and medications. For those undergoing chemotherapy or radiation, your doctor will ask you to repeat the test regularly to check the uric acid levels in the blood.
The process of performing a uric acid test is similar to other blood tests.
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Uric Acid Test (Blood Analysis)/https://www.healthline.com/health/uric-acid-blood/Accessed on 03/05/2020
What Is a Uric Acid Test?/https://www.verywellhealth.com/uric-acid-test-4769739/Accessed on 03/05/2020
Uric Acid Test/https://www.webmd.com/arthritis/uric-acid-blood-test/Accessed on 03/05/2020