A urinalysis is used to test your urine. It helps to evaluate signs of body infections, certain diseases or other issues through a person’s urine, and detect abnormalities helping diagnosis.
The urine test examines different aspects of the urine like:
The urine appearance helps to determine whether a person had certain health conditions.
A doctor will use one or more of the following methods to examine urine.
A doctor will examine the urine sample based on its appearance. This helps to detect possible abnormalities. This includes noting
For this test, a doctor inserts a chemically treated plastic stick into the urine sample. The colour of the stick changes based on the presence of a certain substance. This helps a doctor to look for:
This examination involves examining the urine drops under the microscope. A doctor will look for the presence of
Based on all these factors, the doctor can draw some conclusions and can detect possible abnormalities. Accordingly, the doctor is able to guide further tests or treatment.
Urinalysis is done:
A urinalysis may also be suggested to detect certain health conditions like:
A doctor may use urinalysis to check on the progress of treatment or condition itself if a person is diagnosed for the conditions mentioned above.
Also, a doctor may order undergoing a urinalysis if a person experiences certain symptoms like:
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Before the urine test, drink plenty of water to get an adequate urine sample. However, avoid drinking excessive amounts of water as it may cause inaccurate results.
A person does not have to fast or change their diet for the test. Just before the test, ensure drinking one or two glasses of fluid, preferably water. Follow your doctor’s advice for any specific prerequisites.
Also, a patient should tell his/her doctor about their medications or supplements usage, if any, before the test. A doctor may suggest avoiding a few medicines to prevent inaccurate results. The medicines that can affect the results include:
Understanding the process and methods can help a person to understand the results better and what they mean. Here is some common correlation between the results of different methods of urinalysis and the possible indication.
Yellow, straw colour, or near colourless as urine colour is considered normal. Abnormal colour may indicate a possible disease condition, something a person has taken or eaten. For example:
Urine clarity refers to how clear the urine is. Normally, urine is expected to be relatively clear or slightly cloudy.
Excess cloudiness in the urine is often caused by excessive substance or abnormality in the body, which may indicate the following.
A chemical exam is conducted by using reagent strips impregnated with reactive chemicals and dipped into the urine. Any abnormality in the urine triggers a colour change within seconds.
A doctor often uses this test to check the following:
In this exam, a doctor will look at urine drops under a microscope to look for the presence of
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The urinalysis may be repeated to confirm the test results or note for any changes after a certain period.
Your doctor may advise repeating this urine test to check improvement in the condition after treatment. If you are at greater risk of urine infections or kidney problems or have diabetes, your doctor may advise you to repeat the test every few months.
This test is also repeated at regular intervals to monitor existing medical problems or to assess the risk of complications.
The urine test may be repeated every year, as it is also a part of the routine annual preventive health checkups.
A doctor may suggest repeating urinalysis as part of a routine health checkup or regularly, for any specific reasons like monitoring underlying health conditions or infections, pregnancy checkups, etc.
Urinalysis simply involves a patient collecting his/her urine into a specimen cup, either at home or a doctor’s clinic. Most doctors suggest collecting the urine sample first in the morning. It is because the urine is said to be more concentrated that provides easier-to-read results.
Most commonly, a doctor recommends that a patient collects a ‘clean catch’ sample – urine collected without touching the skin of the penis or tissues of the vagina.
Follow these steps to obtain a clean sample of urine:
You should follow your doctor’s instructions and suggestions before undergoing a urine test.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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