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Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, also known as Juvenile diabetes or Insulin-dependent diabetes, occurs when the pancreas produces less or no insulin. Insulin allows cells to absorb and utilise glucose. The condition can occur at any age, although it usually develops in childhood itself. Once a person develops the condition, he/she needs to take insulin for the rest of their life. It is caused by the genetic predisposition or faulty beta cells in the pancreas.
Symptoms of diabetes type 1 include:
Type 1 diabetes can cause several complications. That includes:
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The cause of the autoimmune reaction is yet unknown. The condition occurs when the body’s own immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, instead of protecting them.
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Some common risk factors for type 1 diabetes are:
The chances of you getting diabetes type 1 are higher if anyone in your family has the disease.
There are certain genes that contribute to the development of diabetes.
Although anyone can get the disease, there are more chances of children between 4 and 7 years of age and 10 and 14 years of age to develop type 1 diabetes. Hence it is also known as Juvenile diabetes.
Glycated haemoglobin (A1c) test
Glycated haemoglobin (A1c) test helps to measure the average blood sugar levels in the last 12 weeks. HbA1c level of 6.5 per cent or greater indicates diabetes. The test isn’t recommended for pregnant women.
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Random blood sugar test
Random blood sugar tests are conducted at any time of the day. If the test indicates the blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher, it indicates diabetes.
Blood tests are conducted after fasting overnight. If the result shows blood sugar levels between 100 and 125 mg/dL it indicates prediabetes, while blood sugar levels over 126 mg/dL indicates diabetes.
The above test helps to confirm whether you have diabetes or not. But to understand whether you have diabetes type 1 or 2; your doctor will check your blood for certain autoantibodies.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin several times a day as your body no longer produces the hormone. There are different types of insulin that work at different speeds. Some of the most commonly used insulin injector types include needle, insulin pump, and insulin pen. There are two main types of insulin that are used – long-acting and short-acting. This is based on the amount of time taken to act in the body and remain active.
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Cinnamon stimulates insulin activities and helps to prevent diabetes. Make sure you don’t consume the herb in excess quantities. Consume a teaspoon of grounded cinnamon with a cup of warm water at any time of the day. You can even boil cinnamon in two cups of water and consume the water once it reaches room temperature.
Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties and helps to control blood sugar levels.
Java Plum, also known as Jamun, helps to lower blood sugar levels. It is advised to consume 100 grams of the fruit on a daily basis.
Consuming foods rich in Vitamin C on a daily basis helps to improve blood sugar levels. Fruits and vegetables rich in Vitamin C include blackcurrants, mustard spinach, kale, kiwis, broccoli, and lemons.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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Type 1 Diabetes/https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/what-is-diabetes/type-1-diabetes/Accessed on 19/12/2019
What Is Type 1 Diabetes?/https://www.healthline.com/health/type-1-diabetes-causes-symtoms-treatments/Accessed on 19/12/2019
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