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The food you consume provides your body with adequate nutrients and calories that are needed for the proper functioning of your body. If you consume more calories than you burn through your daily activities, these extra calories are converted into fats that are accumulated in your body resulting in obesity. The condition is classified as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or more. BMI is the measurement doctors use to check if a person has an appropriate weight with respect to his/her age, sex, and height. Obesity can lead to various complications if associated with other comorbidities like diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, etc.
Obesity is a prime risk factor for various chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer. Once considered a problem only in high-income countries, being overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.
To calculate your body mass index, follow one simple step:
If you are confused about whether you are obese or not, refer the following table:
BMI below 18.5 – Underweight
BMI of 18.5 – 24.9 – Normal weight
BMI of 25 – 29.9 – Overweight
BMI of 30 or greater – Obese
BMI of 40 or greater – Morbidly obese
If you are someone who falls in the obese category, then let us tell you the category is further classified into three types:
BMI cannot always be considered as the only tool to diagnose obesity as those with an athletic body type can have a high BMI without excess fat.
Other symptoms of obesity include:
Excess calorie intake – We all know the fact that obesity is caused when a person consumes more calories than it uses as energy. And these excess calories are stored as fat in the body leading to obesity and being overweight. There is a lot of food that is high in fats and sugars that increases the risk of obesity. Fast foods, dairy products, sweetened juices, processed foods, and fried foods are some of the foods that can lead to obesity.
Physical inactivity – Lack of exercise and physical inactivity is one of the major reasons for obesity. For instance, a lot of people have jobs that demand sitting on the desk for hours or people prefer travelling in vehicles instead of cycling or walking.
Pregnancy – Gaining weight is common during pregnancy. However, it is also important to lose weight post-pregnancy. This excess weight is one of the causes of obesity in most women.
Genes – There are a number of genetic conditions such as large appetite or slow metabolism that makes it difficult for a person to lose weight.
Lack of sleep – Inadequate or excess sleep can disturb your hormones, leading to an increase in appetite. This can also result in your craving for food high in calories.
Stress – A lot of people consume more high-calorie food when they are stressed, resulting in weight gain.
Medical conditions – Certain medical conditions or medications can cause obesity. Medical conditions include Hypothyroidism, Cushing syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and Polycystic ovarian syndrome. Medicines that are used to treat diabetes, depression, and epilepsy can also cause obesity.
By analysing all the above information, your doctor will let you know the proper way to lose weight.
There is no shortcut to get rid of obesity. Weight loss journey can be a little time consuming and requires a lot of dedication. Get in touch with your doctor and understand the steps to maintain a healthy weight. In addition, follow a healthy lifestyle, exercise regularly, eat well, and set realistic weight loss goals.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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