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It is a disorder that is characterised by extreme thirst and passing of a large amount of odourless and colourless urine. The condition is not related to diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2 diabetes – often simply referred to as diabetes).
Other names for the disorder are:
Infants with the health condition may face a loss of appetite and delay in growth. If not treated well, the health condition may damage your infant’s bladder and kidneys that can lead to infection and kidney failure.
Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus are not the same. Though the mention of ‘diabetes’ in the names of both the conditions can be a little misleading. Extreme thirst and excessive passing of urine are the only things common to both the conditions.
In simple terms, the word ‘diabetes’ means ‘to go through’ indicating the excessive passing of urine. Mellitus means the urine is sweet, while Insipidus means the urine is tasteless and odourless. In the health disorder, the hormones that help to maintain the body balance liquid do not function properly. While in diabetes mellitus, the body is unable to generate energy from the food it consumes.
Different types include:
1) Central Diabetes Insipidus
2) Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
3) Dipsogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Signs and symptoms include:
Other symptoms include:
Kids suffering from the health condition may have the following symptoms:
It can cause dehydration. Dehydration may lead to:
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It may lead to electrolyte imbalance. When the body excretes excess of water, the electrolyte level in the body increases, causing the following symptoms:
Your body produces a substance called vasopressin, also called an anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) that helps to control the speed of the fluids that are passed from the body. ADH is produced in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus and deposited in the pituitary gland. It guides the kidney to hold or pass the water. In simple terms, when your body is dehydrated, ADH level rises and your kidneys absorb more water and excrete concentrated urine. If your body is overhydrated, ADH level goes down and your kidneys pass out clear urine.
The causes vary depending on the type:
Normal fluid regulation
Water occupies 60 per cent of your body’s overall mass. It is very important to maintain the adequate amount of fluid your body needs in a day. Sweat and urine are ways to eliminate excess fluid from your body. The kidneys play an important part in maintaining a healthy level of fluid in your body. If your body loses more fluid due to sweating, then it balances the fluid by making less urine or vice versa.
Your brain plays an important role in following the process. The hypothalamus, a small part of the brain, is located at the base of the brain near the pituitary gland. It controls your feeling of thirst and your urge to drink water. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) produced by the brain is stored in the pituitary gland.
The pituitary gland releases and gets rid of water as per the body’s requirement. When any part of this system breaks, it leads to the health condition.
One of the main risk factors for developing diabetes insipidus is genetic predisposition.
To check if you have the health condition, your doctor will first carry out a physical examination followed by an understanding of your health history. Later, the doctor may ask you to do a series of tests that includes:
Other diagnosis methods include:
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Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Diabetes Insipidus/https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes-insipidus/symptoms-causes/syc-20351269/Accessed on 16/12/2019
Diabetes Insipidus/https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/what-is-diabetes-insipidus#1/Accessed on 16/12/2019
What’s to know about diabetes insipidus?/https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/183251.php/Accessed on 16/12/2019
Everything You Should Know About Diabetes Insipidus/https://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes/diabetes-insipidus/Accessed on 16/12/2019
Diabetes Insipidus/https://www.medicinenet.com/diabetes_insipidus/article.htm/Accessed on 16/12/2019
Diabetes Insipidus/https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/ConditionsAndTreatments/diabetes-insipidus/Accessed on 16/12/2019