How does diabetes occur? What are its types?
Diabetes occurs when your body’s capability of converting food into energy is hampered. Your pancreas secretes insulin, which is a hormone that moves glucose from your blood to your cells, thereby giving you a boost of energy. This glucose is generated via the carbs you consume.
Now, when you are suffering from diabetes, it is usually because of the fact that your body isn’t producing insulin in the proportion it should. This often leads to accumulation of it, leading to high blood sugar. This can even be fatal if left untreated.
Diabetes can be of various types; prediabetes, gestational, and type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
As the name suggests, this is more of a precursor to actual diabetes. This means while you may not have yet become diabetic, you have the symptoms, which if left unchecked, can turn into diabetes. To put it in simple terms, prediabetes is a condition wherein your blood sugar is high, yet it has not reached the levels that qualify the condition to be termed as diabetes.
However, prediabetes should be diagnosed timely so that it can be treated. Otherwise, there are chances of it turning into type 2 diabetes. It can even lead to various diabetes-induced diseases and disorders such as heart conditions, nerve issues, and more. Mostly, a change in lifestyle with recommended exercises can treat prediabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
This is where you would know why is it important to know the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, because these two are reasonably different from each other.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that starts from childhood. In simple words, antibodies attack the pancreas due to a weak immune system, thus destroying its ability to produce insulin. As a result, the patient experiences high blood sugar levels, and subsequently type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes usually happens due to faulty genes and can lead to many issues such as diabetic neuropathy (where the nerves get damaged), diabetic retinopathy (where the eyes get damaged), and diabetic nephropathy (damage to the kidneys).
Type 2 diabetes
This is the most common form of diabetes. The reason being, that type 2 diabetes mostly develops over time due to an unhealthy lifestyle. Type 2 diabetes happens when the pancreas is releasing insulin, albeit in insufficient quantity, thus causing insulin resistance. One of the major causes of insulin resistance is obesity. Thus, a change in lifestyle with abstinence from certain foods is one recommendation from the doctors apart from the usual medical routine.
This kind of diabetes is uncommon but not unheard of. It usually happens in the case of pregnant women, as pregnancy is known to cause a mild form of insulin resistance. The same can eventually develop into a form of diabetes known as gestational diabetes. It is extremely important to diagnose this on time and treat it because if unchecked, it can travel through the placenta and hamper the growth and development of the baby. Gestational diabetes poses more risk to the baby than the mother.
The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
By now we know that type 1 diabetes mostly develops when the pancreas is damaged due to autoimmune conditions, whereas type 2 diabetes is an adult condition that develops due to an unhealthy lifestyle and obesity. However, both happen when the pancreas is unable to produce a sufficient level of insulin to supply glucose to the bloodstream.