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Dry eye syndrome, also called as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, is a common problem that can happen to anybody. It occurs when the tears in your eyes aren’t able to provide proper lubrication, leading to dryness and often itchiness.
There are various reasons for this syndrome which are also treatable. In most cases, it is not a permanent condition. Dry eye syndrome can arise due to lifestyle changes, other health conditions, or an issue in the tear ducts.
These can be tackled with proper medications in the form of eye drops and ointments. Lifestyle modifications can also help you relieve from dry eye syndrome.
If you think that your eyes have become dry, itchy, or have a burning sensation, consult your doctor. Do not use any eye drop or ointment or pill before talking to an ophthalmologist.
Dry eye syndrome (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) is a condition of the tear film that happens due to tear deficiency or excessive tear evaporation. It causes damage to the interpalpebral ocular surface, the area that consists of the cornea and the conjunctiva (the area between the eyelids).
If you have the syndrome, your eyes aren’t able to produce enough tears to lubricate or coat itself, an aspect important to maintain moisture. If your tear ducts are unable to provide this mix of oil, water, and mucus, it leaves your eyes dry, itchy, and sometimes with a burning sensation.
Symptoms of dry eye syndrome include:
These symptoms may occur together or in intervals. They also vary from one person to another. Therefore, it is essential to watch out for these. Consult your doctor if you experience the above-mentioned symptoms and do not use eye drops on anybody else’s recommendation.
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Since this syndrome is caused due to inadequate tears, there are various reasons that can possibly lead to this stage. Though the reason can be different for different people. Therefore, what causes your dry eye syndrome also determines the course of your treatment. Do not start any eye drops or pills or ointments without consulting your doctor first.
Following are some causes of this condition:
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Even though the dry eye syndrome can happen to anybody, there are factors that make you more vulnerable to it. They are:
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Diagnosis of this syndrome can be done through the following three methods:
It is necessary to get yourself checked from an ophthalmologist and not self-diagnose or medicate. This will ensure that nothing inappropriate goes inside the most sensitive part of your body.
Dry eye syndrome can be diagnosed and treated easily. Though, if left untreated, it may lead to more serious conditions such as bacterial keratitis.
There are various methods used to treat this condition. They include:
Some lifestyle changes that can help prevent dry eyes:
If you wish to treat this condition at home, the following tips can help:
Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Dry eyes: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-eyes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371869/ Accessed 16/06/2020
Dry Eye Syndrome: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3306104// Accessed 16/06/2020
Dry Eye Syndrome:https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000426.htm/ Accessed 16/06/2020
What is Dry Eye / https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-dry-eye /Accessed on 21/07/2020