First, let’s understand what are the symptoms of dry mouth?
The problem of dry mouth is due to less saliva production in the mouth which further gives rise to the following symptoms:
A rough, dry tongue
Lack of moisture in the mouth
Frequent pain in the mouth
Infections in the oral cavity
Difficulty in swallowing, talking or chewing
If the problem of dry mouth is not addressed, then one could even face difficulty in eating food.
Also, the bad breath (known as halitosis) can worsen the oral hygiene of a person. Furthermore, some diabetes patients can also suffer from bleeding of the lips and gums–here’s when you must see a doctor immediately.
Dry mouth in diabetes: Why does this problem occur?
It’s not uncommon to see people getting these symptoms, and the cause for the same is yet not known. High blood sugar can partly contribute to this, in fact, some studies show that medicines given to treat diabetes can also be the cause of this problem. At the same time, the problem of dry mouth may also persist due to dehydration. Another reason for dry mouth could be due to smoking. While it is known that people with diabetes are more prone to yeast infections, due to the high glucose level in the blood and saliva; it’s best to get a thorough check up done from a doctor to understand the problem at length.
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When can dry mouth in diabetes cause problems?
Dry mouth during diabetes can cause problems when it is left untreated properly. Saliva works to break down carbohydrates with the help of enzymes and at the same time it has the ability to fight pathogens or infections. If the saliva is made in small quantities, then the chances of infection also increase. In such a situation, there may also be a problem of cavities in the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to inflammation of the gums, irritation of the gums, periodontitis, or inflammation of the tissues around the teeth. Other dental conditions like oral thrush or candidiasis can then lead to fungal infections in the mouth. While bad breath is a hygiene issue, at the same time it can also be a problem related to taste while eating.