Typically, a doctor can remove the ulcers physically by clearing the dead skin or foreign objects that may have caused the ulcer to fester in the first place. In case the doctor suspects a more serious infection, an X-ray can be taken to rule out the possibility of a bone infection.
Some common recommendations to be implemented at home on the recommendation of the doctor are:
- Calcium alginates dressings that curb the growth of bacteria
- Frequent dressing changes to keep the ulcer dry
- Skin disinfection around the ulcer
- Enzyme treatments
However, before any prescription, the doctor obviously asks for the patient’s medical history.
Some over-the-counter treatments are available for diabetes foot ulcers too in the form of polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) gel, silver sulphadiazine cream, and the likes.
The last treatment option is surgery, but that happens in severe cases where the ulcer has reached a stage wherein it needs to be physically removed so as to avoid amputation.
Read More : 10 Ways to Avoid Diabetes Complications
A diabetes foot ulcer can be treated by bringing about certain lifestyle changes after consulting with the doctor and figuring out the intensity of the ulcer. Following are the most common recommendations:
- Firstly, keep your feet clean. Maintaining feet hygiene is the most basic thing that should be done to avoid ulcers.
- Keep your toenails trimmed or of decent length. Too short or too long toenails can lead to issues.
- Wear shoes of proper fitting.
- Keep changing your socks.
- Notify your doctor if you notice a callous and get it removed.
- Make sure you keep your feet clean, dry, and moisturised.