A study was held jointly by WHO, Harvard University, and World Bank in the year 1990, which showed how unhealthy lifestyle can lead to type 2 diabetes. Given this type of diabetes is dependent on various conditions that affect your body and system over time, the result is visible with age. Type 2 diabetes is closely associated with age. Hence, diabetes in older people is more common than we would like to acknowledge.
Diabetes: The risk factor of age
There are four types of diabetes that one should know of:
Prediabetes: This is not diabetes. Rather, this is a precursor to diabetes. This happens when the blood sugar levels are high, but not enough to be termed as diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes: This one occurs due to genetic conditions or autoimmune diseases. This is a more serious form of diabetes and can occur in children. It requires constant medical intervention.
Type 2 diabetes: This happens over time due to an unhealthy lifestyle, which includes unhealthy food and lack of physical activity. Age is another major factor as old age diabetes is fairly common. In many cases, prediabetes, if not diagnosed and treated on time also turns into type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with minimal medical intervention and lifestyle changes. However, age is one factor that may define the level of medical procedures that might be necessary.
Gestational diabetes: This is a very rare form of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women. More than the mother, the child is at risk here as the high blood sugar can pass on to him/her via the placenta.
For now, let’s concentrate on diabetes in older people.
Diabetes in older people is scary and severe. The age factor brings many other problems, which when combined with diabetes, deteriorates the bodily functions. There are additional complications such as chronic pains, memory issues, incontinence, heart complications, nerve issues, digestive problems, and more. All of it together wrecks havoc on a body that is already rendered weak and vulnerable due to age. That’s why diabetes in older people needs a keen eye so that proper and consistent care is provided.
Of the aforementioned types, there are possibilities of prediabetes, type 1, and type 2 diabetes in older people. Let’s take a look at how each affects them and how it can be treated with precautions and medication.
Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in older people: Symptoms, precautions, and cure
Prediabetes is when your blood sugar level is high, yet not high enough to pass off as diabetes. Since type 1 diabetes is a standalone condition, prediabetes usually develops into type 2 diabetes if left unchecked.